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Windows Server 2003


    Windows Server 2003 is a server operating system made by Microsoft that run on Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium.

    Also see the summary at Windows.


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    “The successor to Windows 2000 Server, Microsoft’s Windows Server 2003 is a step in the evolution of Microsoft’s server operating systems.
    “It is essentially Windows XP with server features added, but with many features turned off (sound, 3D acceleration, themes) for stability purposes. It also includes enhancements to various services such as the IIS web server.” —Wikipediaw90

    Also see the summary at Windows.

    “Initially, the product was to be called “Windows .NET Server 2003,” to promote the integrated enterprise framework .NET (dot-net). In this improved Microsoft server, performance of ASP.NET (the successor of Active Server Pages) has improved and integration is tighter.
    “However, over fears of confusing the market about what “.NET” represents and responding to criticism, Microsoft removed .NET from the name. This allowed the name .NET to exclusively apply to the .NET framework, as previously it appeared .NET was just a tag for a generation of Microsoft products.” —Wikipediaw90

    This Microsoft server comes in several flavors, each suited for a particular size and type of business: —Wikipediaw90

  1. Small Business Server
  2. Web Edition
  3. Standard Edition
  4. Enterprise Edition
  5. Datacenter Edition

Intended purpose

server/mainframe: small to large scale servers

desktop/workstation: not approppriate

handheld: not appropriate

real time: not appropriate

Kind of OS: proprietary

Release Date: April 24, 2003w90

Current Version: 1.0


    “Licensing for Standard Windows 2003 Server is $999US, although licences may be purchased for less from a reseller. For more than 5 Active Directory remote-connected users (users of Exchange, for example,) additional costs are incurred.” —Wikipediaw90
    “The Web Server runs for about $397US. Client access licenses are not required for the Web Server.” —Wikipediaw90
    “The average cost for the Small Business Server is $599US. The retail/final full packaged product is purchased through a brick-and-mortar retailer, while an open new license must be purchased through a volume license reseller.” —Wikipediaw90
    “A Datacenter server must be obtained through an OEM, and therefore costs are unknown.” —Wikipediaw90

Hardware Supported: Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium

Maximum Number of Processors: 8

Number of bits: 32, partially 64

Kernel: proprietary (microkernel)

POSIX: partially supported


File Systems Supported:

Other Systems Emulated:

Graphics Engine:

Text Command Shell: DOS command line

User Interface (graphic):

Graphic Command Shell: Explorer

Disabled support:

Internet Services:

Powered By ...?

    Businesses and organizations with servers powered by Windows Server 2003:

Application Programs:


    “As Windows users are being plagued by computer viruses, spam, buggy software, and Web pop-up ads, some are questioning why the Redmond, Wash.-based software behemoth has failed to integrate security and repair features that could make computers less prone to problems.
    “ ‘Microsoft has added lots of bells and whistles to Windows to protect their operating system franchise over the years, but when it comes to Windows security and reliability, they’ve done comparitively little until recently,’ said Alan Paller, director of research at the SANS Institute, a Bethesda, Md.-based computer security and training organization.
    “ ‘It’s like they are selling faster cars with more powerful engines but leaving off the seat belts and air bags — all those critical things that make customers safe when using their products,’ he added.
    “Microsoft’s critics say the reason the company isn’t eager to add security features is simple: Doing so wouldn’t help it fend off competitors whose products could undermine the spread of Windows.
    “ ‘You would think there would be money to be made in Microsoft having some kind of more effective antiviral program of their own,’ said Andrew Gavil, an antitrust expert and law professor at Howard University. ‘But virus programs don’t present any threat to their operating system monopoly.’ ” —Los Angeles Times, “Microsoft Runs Into Bundling Dilemma”, March 27, 2004n4

    Microsoft falsely claimed that it would make security a company-wide priority in its much publicized 2002 “trustworthy computing initiaitve”. Since then, Microsoft Windows (all versions) has become even more vulnerable to viruses and other internet attacks. Security is a purposely false and misleading marketing slogan at Microsoft.

    “Ironically, some experts say, product bundling is partly to blame for Windows’ security woes.
    “Lee A. Hollaar, a computer science professor at University of Utah, said the widespread proliferation of the Melissa computer virus stemmed from the tight integration of Microsoft’s Outlook e-mail program with its writing application, Word.
    “ ‘The Melissa virus exists only because Microsoft expanded Word documents to contain functions that let it access the Outlook address book’, Hollaar said.
    “Similarly, he explained, when the Internet Explorer Web browser was folded into the operating system, it exposed Windows to greater security risks from the Net.’ ” —Los Angeles Times, “Microsoft Runs Into Bundling Dilemma”, March 27, 2004n4



    There are a number of improvements from Windows 2000 server, notably: —Wikipediaw90


    This Microsoft server comes in several flavors, each suited for a particular size and type of business: —Wikipediaw90

  1. Small Business Server
  2. Web Edition
  3. Standard Edition
  4. Enterprise Edition
  5. Datacenter Edition

Small Business Server

    Windows Small Business Server 2003, SBS, is a low-cost entry into this product line, incorporating various restrictions upon networking, licensing, development tools, and application redundancy. —Wikipediaw90

    SBS is designed so it deploys everything that Microsoft feels that a small business would need on their first server. By default the install sets up Active Directory, a Sharepoint Portal Site, and an Exchange server. It also allows the easy setup of a basic firewall DHCP server and NAT router using two network cards. Also the interface makes it easier to a new administrator to manage. —Wikipediaw90

    SBS is also released with an enhanced package, Premium edition which includes the above plus SQL Server 2000 and ISA Server 2000. —Wikipediaw90

    SBS server has the following restrictions: —Wikipediaw90

Web Edition

    Windows Server 2003, Web Edition is mainly for building and hosting Web applications, Web pages, and XML Web Services. It is designed to be used primarily as an IIS 6.0 Web server and provides a platform for rapidly developing and deploying XML Web services and applications that use ASP.NET technology, a key part of the .NET Framework. —Wikipediaw90

Standard Edition

    Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition is aimed towards small to medium sized businesses. Flexible yet versatile, Standard Edition supports file and printer sharing, offers secure Internet connectivity, and allows centralized desktop application deployment. —Wikipediaw90

Enterprise Edition

    Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition is aimed towards medium to large businesses. It is a full-function server operating system that supports up to eight processors and provides enterprise-class features such as eight-node clustering and support for up to 32 GB of memory. Enterprise Edition also comes in 64-bit edition for Intel Itanium-based computers capable of supporting 8 processors and 64 GB of RAM. —Wikipediaw90

Datacenter Edition

    Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition is the flagship of the Windows Server line and designed for immense infrastructures demanding high security and reliability. Datacenter supports up to 32-way SMP and 64 GB of RAM with the 32-bit version and up to 128-way machines with individual partitions of up to 64 processors and 512 GB of RAM with the 64-bit version. Datacenter provides both eight-node clustering and load balancing services as standard features and includes Windows System Resource Manager facilitating consolidation and system management. —Wikipediaw90

alternatives to Windows Server 2003


    “The future of Windows is threatened less by the superiority of its competition than the inferiority of Windows, which results from Microsoft’s misplaced priorities. Microsoft’s design decisions are driven more by its attempt to protect its desktop monopoly than by technical excellence.” —Nicholas Petreley, “The new Unix alters NT’s orbit”w74

1.1 MB QuickTime movie of Bill Gates explaining his criteria for selecting the best operating system.

    “Microsoft enjoyed its great success not because it had great software but because people were stuck with it. Market domination, not innovation, drove the company’s success,” wrote James Wallace in the book “Overdrive: Bill Gates and the Race to Control Cyberspace”, John Wiley & Sons, September 1997.

    “Windows machines have advantages, too, such as more configuration options, cheaper up front cost, availability of software, snappier response on window controls, cheaper components, more peripherals.” —Why Monopolies Are Bad, by Jeff Adkinsw77

    Commentary: Quite simply, Windows guarantees more work for the M.I.S. departments — because it computers require far more technical support to do the same work. And when the M.I.S. departments make computer recommendations to management, they tend to look out for their own job security over the best interests of the business. The same reason that many retail stores also push Wintel machines — it guarantees more work for their highly profitable service departments.

    In addition to Macintosh OS X (formerly Rhapsody) (which combines the ease of use and professional content creation capabilities of the Macintosh with the power, reliability, and speed of the NeXT version of UNIX), BeOS, NetWare, and OS/2 Warp Server, any of the many free and commercial versions of UNIX offer a better high end operating system than Windows Server 2003. See John Kirch’s article “Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 versus UNIX” at http://www.unix-vs-nt.org/.

    Serious commercial UNIXs include: AIX, Digital UNIX, HP-UX, IRIX, Macintosh OS X, Mac OS X Server(formerly Rhapsody), and Solaris.

    Leading free UNIXs include: FreeBSD, GNU Hurd, LINUX, NetBSD, and OpenBSD.

    And in the server arena, the leader is still NetWare.

    “Randy Kessell, manager of technical analysis for a Southwestern Bell operation center, notes that because Linux allows his company to do more remote network administration and software loads than was possible with either Microsoft or NetWare products, it has driven down their network management costs.” —Ann Harrison, “In LINUX We…”, Software Magazine, Cover Story, September 1998w51

     Study after study has shown that Macintoshes are less expensive to support and maintain than Wintel machines. Wintel computers typically cost four to 10 times as much in support costs. Even Intel’s own internal study showed that it was costing them four times as much to support Windows machines as it did to support their Macintoshes (yes, Intel used Macintoshes for mission critical work — and since that study they have been expanding their use of Macintoshes).

     Independent studies over the years continually show that worker productivity is substantially higher on Macintoshes than on Wintel computers. And the difference is greatest in the creative fields (pre-press, illustration, digital photography, 2-D and 3-D animation, 3-D modelling and rendering, film special effects, broadcast video editting, CD-ROM production, multi-media, music composition and performance, sound editting, and web site production), where the Macintosh is the most prevalent computer (even more than the high end graphics work stations — and Macintosh OS X (formerly Rhapsody) brings the Macintosh to the high end graphics work stations). Macintosh OS X is numerically the most used form of UNIX, bringing the flexibility, reliability, power, and speed of NeXT’s object oriented frameworks together with some of the ease of use, user interface, and consumer software of the Macintosh.

    See also: http://www.unix-vs-nt.org/, John Kirch’s article “Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 versus UNIX”

    Ethics: Bill Gates is a longtime member of the Augusta National Golf Club, the official site of the Masters Golf Tournament. The Augusta National Golf Club refuses to allow any women join their club and for decades refused to allow Blacks, Hispanics, and other minorities to join, only relenting in 1990 to allow a few token Black members when facing criminal charges for Civil Rights violations. The only reason that Microsoft hires women and minorities is because of tough federal Civil Rights laws. If you are a woman, Black, Hispanic, Asian, or a member of any other minority group, remember that Bill Gates and Microsoft hate you and only take your money becuase they are forced to by law.


references within this web site

(for your convenience, look for this symbol marking passages about Windows Server 2003)

further reading: web sites

Please send recommendations on additional URLs to Milo.

official web sites

    www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2003/default.mspx, “Microsoft’s Windows Server 2003 homepage”


(Frequently Asked Questions)

user group web sites

other related web sites

    http://www.unix-vs-nt.org/ John Kirch’s article “Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 versus UNIX”

    http://www.linuxrx.com/WS_Linux/OS_comparison.html “The Linux resource exchange — Operating systems comparison” LINUX, HPUX, Windows NT, BSDi, FreeBSD, IRIX, Digital UNIX, Solaris, Macintosh, OS/2, UnixWare, OpenServere83

    http://www.dhbrown.com/pdfs/osscorecard.html “Operating System Scorecard — D.H. Brown Associates”

further reading: books

If you want your book reviewed, please send a copy to: Milo, POB 1361, Tustin, CA 92781, USA.

Price listings are for courtesy purposes only and may be changed by the referenced businesses at any time without notice.

further reading: books: introductory/general

    1 Microsoft Way: A Cookbook To Breaking Bill Gates Windows Monopoly Without Breaking Windows (with Linux CD Operating System); by Reginald P Burgess; American Group Publishing; April 27, 1998; ISBN 1891950088; paperback; 208 pages; $17.95

further reading: books: administration

further reading: books: internet

further reading: books: enterprise/business

further reading: books: content creation

further reading: books: programming

further reading: books: hardware

further reading: books: miscellaneous

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    Also see the summary at Windows.

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    Last Updated: September 10, 2004

    Created: September 10, 2004

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