music

# combining arrays and records

## summary

This subchapter looks at combining arrays and records (structures).

## free computer programming text book project

If you like the idea of this project,

### stub section

This subchapter is a stub section. It will be filled in with instructional material later. For now it serves the purpose of a place holder for the order of instruction.

Professors are invited to give feedback on both the proposed contents and the propsed order of this text book. Send commentary to Milo, PO Box 1361, Tustin, California, 92781, USA.

# arrays and structures

This subchapter looks at combining arrays and records (structures).

## Stanford C essentials

Stanford CS Education Library This [the following section until marked as end of Stanford University items] is document #101, Essential C, in the Stanford CS Education Library. This and other educational materials are available for free at http://cslibrary.stanford.edu/. This article is free to be used, reproduced, excerpted, retransmitted, or sold so long as this notice is clearly reproduced at its beginning. Copyright 1996-2003, Nick Parlante, nick.parlante@cs.stanford.edu.

### Array of Structs

The following declares an array named “numbers” which holds 1000 struct fraction’s.

struct fraction numbers[1000];

numbers[0].numerator = 22;        /* set the 0th struct fraction */
numbers[0].denominator = 7;

Here’s a general trick for unraveling C variable declarations: look at the right hand side and imagine that it is an expression. The type of that expression is the left hand side. For the above declarations, an expression which looks like the right hand side (numbers[1000], or really anything of the form numbers[...]) will be the type on the left hand side (struct fraction).

Stanford CS Education Library This [the above section] is document #101, Essential C, in the Stanford CS Education Library. This and other educational materials are available for free at http://cslibrary.stanford.edu/. This article is free to be used, reproduced, excerpted, retransmitted, or sold so long as this notice is clearly reproduced at its beginning. Copyright 1996-2003, Nick Parlante, nick.parlante@cs.stanford.edu.

### end of Stanford C essentials

“31 Every object in the language has a type, which characterizes a set of values and a set of applicable operations. The main classes of types are elementary types (comprising enumeration, numeric, and access types) and composite types (including array and record types).” —:Ada-Europe’s Ada Reference Manual: Introduction: Language Summary See legal information

“34/2 Composite types allow definitions of structured objects with related components. The composite types in the language include arrays and records. … A record is an object with named components of possibly different types.” —:Ada-Europe’s Ada Reference Manual: Introduction: Language Summary See legal information

“35 Record, task, and protected types may have special components called discriminants which parameterize the type. Variant record structures that depend on the values of discriminants can be defined within a record type.” —:Ada-Europe’s Ada Reference Manual: Introduction: Language Summary See legal information

### other

“18. A program without a loop and a structured variable isn’t worth writing.” —Alan Perlis, Epigrams on Programming, ACM’s SIGPLAN Notices Volume 17, No. 9, September 1982, pages 7-13

# free music player coding example

Coding example: I am making heavily documented and explained open source code for a method to play music for free — almost any song, no subscription fees, no download costs, no advertisements, all completely legal. This is done by building a front-end to YouTube (which checks the copyright permissions for you).

View music player in action: www.musicinpublic.com/.

Create your own copy from the original source code/ (presented for learning programming).

## view text bookHTML file

Because I no longer have the computer and software to make PDFs, the book is available as an HTML file, which you can convert into a PDF.

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## free computer programming text book project

Building a free downloadable text book on computer programming for university, college, community college, and high school classes in computer programming.

If you like the idea of this project,

send donations to:
Milo
PO Box 1361
Tustin, California 92781

Supporting the entire project:

If you have a business or organization that can support the entire cost of this project, please contact Pr Ntr Kmt (my church)

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